Beginner’s Guide – A Career in Architecture

Travel and have fun while learning – sounds amazing right? What if we tell you there is a course that pushes you to travel while learning? Yes. Architecture is all about buildings, and travel is an integral part of its curriculum. But first let us understand what is Architecture?

Architecture is the design of buildings and the community we live in. It sets the tone of lifestyle. It merges functionality with aesthetics. Additionally, it dictates the longevity of neighborhoods, from both societal and personal standpoints.

Types of Architects and the job they do:

All architects do not do the same work. Within the broad area of architecture there are many specialist tracks that architects can pursue. The seven most popular of them are

    • Landscape architect – they beautify an area or space with foliage and give it an artistic and aesthetic appearance
    • Urban Planner – They plan the overall layout of cities and towns with focus on building design, environmental considerations and habitability.
    • Restoration architect – they often work with agencies like the Archeological Survey of India to restore heritage and historic monuments, or make an old and dilapidated building livable again.
    • Research architect – though they do the planning and designing work like any other architect, they are also employed as specialists to research on the suitability of a place and topography for building a structure, the best materials to be used, and suggest the designs that are ergonomic, safe and earthquake resistant.
    • Interior designer – These architects specialize in interior spatial design, both in terms of aesthetics and functionality. They are responsible for designing and executing the same in the site.
    • Commercial architect– An architect who specializes in analyzing and designing commercial spaces like office space and shopping malls. The user-centric success rate depends on the efficiency and functionality of the space created.
    • Sustainable architect (or) Green architect– Sustainability has become the trend everywhere. Architects who design sustainable buildings that consume less energy and generate less heat are the sustainable or green architects.

Skills required to become an architect:

  • Numerical skills
  • Creative thought process
  • Design ability
  • Technological awareness for architecture
  • Artistic skills
  • Advanced visualization
  • Problem solving
  • Visualization
  • Leadership, communication and teamwork
  • Time Management

Many of them will confuse Civil Engineering with Architecture. Although both the fields belong to the same domain, Architects design a building taking into consideration the human comfort, spatial utility, structural aspect, and aesthetical aspect.

While the Civil Engineers are more concerned with the stability, strength, load bearing and other structural and construction related aspects until completion of the project. In simple words, Architects design the space and the Civil Engineers help them bring the design to life.

Steps to becoming an Architect:

1. Pursue the Science stream after 10th

Architect’s work involves using Mathematics and Physics concepts. Thus to become an architect one needs to have a solid grounding in Math and Science in the 10th grade.

Additionally taking architectural drawing in grades 11th and 12th is highly recommended as it will lay a strong foundation of basic architectural principles, which will help in being successful in the bachelor’s degree.

2.Write entrance exams to join Bachelor of Architecture course:

To enroll in an architectural degree the most well known entrance exam in India is the NATA or the National Aptitude Test in Architecture, and the JEE Main (AAT). Others include CEED (Common Entrance Exam for Design). At the state level there are exams like the COMEDK UGET and the KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) for Karnataka, TANCET for Tamil Nadu and MAH M.Arch CET for Maharashtra, to name a few.

3. Earn Bachelor’s Degree – B.Arch

It is important to get a Bachelor’s qualification from one of these reputed institutions to become a practicing architect. The course curriculum involves principles of architecture, 3D design, use of technology in architecture, material strength and design elements, environmental factors, etc.

4. Get Licensed as an Architect

After completing the bachelor’s degree and undertaking internships, one can take an architectural license to practice as a professional in India. Once the licensing is complete, future opportunities in architecture career paths are plenty. To become a licensed architect, one must take the Architect Registration Examination, which is administered by the National Council of Architectural Registration Board (NCARB).

The license is for practicing in a particular state. To get a license that is valid nationally, one needs to get additional certification from NCARB.

5. Earn a Master’s Degree

One can also undertake an advanced degree at the masters level in a specialized area of law to become an expert in that area. Some of the fields can be corporate law, personal or family law, criminal law, environmental law etc.

A master’s degree establishes a person as an expert and also opens the career prospects for them in the areas of research and when combined with a PhD for teaching.

Recent Trends in Architecture

  • Like any other vocation, architecture has dynamically evolved to become a combination of art and design along with sound architectural grounding.
  • There is a neo breed of architects who practise the concepts of bringing green spaces inside the built structures like homes and offices, or making smart homes fitted with AI enabled devices.
  • Some also design multifunctional spaces that can be used for various purposes. The latest trend that is fast gaining a worldwide following is the idea of minimalistic architecture. This rests on the notion of being frugal and having only very few things within living areas, while most of it is kept empty to create a meditative, simple and spiritual atmosphere.
  • Sustainability and environmentally viable buildings are on trend now. With the world moving towards green and sustainable practices, architects are also adopting green building concepts by designing less energy consuming structures.
  • Building Information Modeling Technology- BIM technology and its recent collaboration with the Data analytics field has led to intelligent buildings that are sensitive to the stimuli around.

CMR University’s School of Architecture provides Architecture courses with world-class material and lab facilities with recent technologies, qualified faculty, and internship opportunities with 100% placement assistance. To know more about the courses at CMRU and the associated facilities that we provide to our students, please visit

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